On August 23, 2020，the Chinese Institute of Electronics released the "Top Ten Development Trends of the Global Digital Economy" during the "Smart China Expo" (中国国际智能产业博览会).
At present, the innovation of information network technology is accelerating, and the digital economy with digital knowledge and information as the key production factors is booming. New technologies, new industrial patterns and new models are emerging in an endless stream and becoming the new engine of global economic recovery in the "post-international financial crisis" era. Major countries have taken the development of the digital economy as an important measure to promote the quality and efficiency of the real economy and reshape the core competitiveness, and further promote the integration of the innovative achievements of the digital economy into all fields of the real economy, and focus on the new round of technology and industrial commanding height Develop active competition and cooperation.
Based on this, the Chinese Association of Digital Economy (中国电子学会) relying on the professional research team of the Chinese Institute of Electronics to carry out in-depth analysis of the main strategies of the digital economy in various countries around the world as well as surveying and visiting typical companies with advanced levels and outstanding capabilities in digital economy field. It systematically combed the latest perspectives from the top scholars at home and abroad as well as the published results of authoritative think tanks and well-known strategic consulting companies. The results and judgments on the development trend of the global digital economy are as follows:
1. Digital Knowledge and Information Become New Key Production Factors
The data foundation and information environment of human production, life and governance are being greatly strengthened and significantly improved. The mobile Internet and the IoT continue to be popularized and deployed, smart terminals and sensors accelerate the penetration of applications, and the gradual interaction and integration of humans, machines, and things are in harmony with economic growth. Various activities related to social development have started a comprehensive digitalization process, showing three major changes: from passive to active, from fragmentation to continuous, from single separation to comprehensive coordination. It is continuously generating massive amounts of data showing explosive growth and contains great value and potential. Data has become a key production factor as important as capital and land. It has been continuously analyzed, mined, processed and used, and its value has been continuously improved, superimposed and multiplied, effectively promoting the optimization and improvement of total factor productivity, and providing sufficient new resources for national economic and social development. kinetic energy.
2. Deep integration with the Real Economy is the Primary Strategic Task
The global economy is still in a relatively stable recovery stage. The real economy represented by advanced manufacturing will continue to be the main growth point, and will continue to glow with new impetus in the deep integration with the digital economy. In the next stage, the digital economy-related strategies of major countries and regions will be implemented in depth, and the use of the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other new-generation information technologies to empower advanced manufacturing is generally regarded as an important measure to actively promote the transformation from production factors to innovation System, from business structure to organizational form, from development concept to business model, all-round reforms and breakthroughs, continue to give birth to new models and business formats such as personalized customization, intelligent production, network collaboration, and service-oriented manufacturing, and promote the formation of digital and physical The new development model driven by deep integration and the coupling of material and information has greatly increased total factor productivity and effectively promoted the quality, efficiency, and dynamic changes of global economic growth.
3. Platformization and Sharing Lead to New Features and Trends in Economic Development
The focus of competition among enterprises is gradually evolving from technology competition, product competition, and supply chain competition to platform-based ecosystem competition. A group of industry-leading companies with a large user base, rich technology accumulation, and strong financial strength have taken the lead to build and improve the ecological pattern of resource gathering and win-win cooperation by providing open source systems, create an open environment, promote cross-industry integration, change organizational structures, reshape business models, incubate innovative teams and other measures. At the same time, the rapid development of a new generation of information technology, high-frequency ubiquitous online social networking and a gradually improving credit evaluation system provide a sharing platform and channel with almost zero cost for a large number of resources that have not been fully allocated effectively. In addition, they has attracted a large number of sharers, weakened the "ownership" of production and living materials and emphasized the "right to use", gradually creating new supply and demand and prompting the rapid rise of the sharing economy.
4. The Global Innovation System Accelerates its Reshaping Guided by Open Collaboration
Innovation is still the driving force behind the digital development of the economy. Due to the dual effects of open-source technology and decentralization of organizational methods, barriers to knowledge dissemination have begun to be significantly eliminated, innovation and research and development costs have continued to be greatly reduced, and the speed of creation and invention has been significantly accelerated. Cross-field innovation results are not uncommon, and disruptive and revolutionary innovation goes hand in hand with iterative and incremental innovation. Major changes have taken place in the subject, mechanism, process, and mode of innovation, and they are no longer bound by established organizational boundaries. Resource operation methods and results transformation methods rely more on the Internet, cross-regional, diversified, efficient crowdfunding, crowdsourcing, crowd-creation and crowd-intelligence platforms continue to emerge, highlighting the innovative characteristics of global openness and high coordination, supporting the construction of a digital economy ecosystem with data value-added as its core competitiveness.
5. Accelerate the Realization of Digital, Networked and Intelligent Upgrade of Infrastructure
Continuously increasing the magnitude and frequency of data acquisition, enriching data transmission channels and methods, expanding data storage space, strengthening data processing capabilities and innovating data use capabilities are all important basic conditions for the vigorous development of the digital economy. The interconnection of everything and the integration of man, machine and material will become the basic form of network architecture. The planning and deployment of information infrastructure in various countries are facing urgent needs for domain expansion, sharing and collaboration and intelligent upgrades. At the same time, traditional infrastructure such as power grids, water conservancy, roads, railways, and ports are gradually being integrated with new-generation information technologies such as the Internet, big data, and artificial intelligence, transforming and upgrading to smart grids, smart water services, smart transportation and smart ports. , Significantly improve energy efficiency and resource scheduling capabilities, and support the healthy and sustainable development of the digital economy.
6. The Core Competitiveness of Countries/Regions Extends to the Information Space
The core competitiveness components of various countries and regions around the world are showing a digital development trend. Traditional industries have been transformed and upgraded to digital, networked and intelligent. The integration of the Internet, big data, AI and the real economy has become more and more extensive. The dual structure of human society and the physical world is transforming into a ternary structure of human society, physical world, and information space. The focus of competition and gaming between countries and regions has gradually shifted from the quantity and quality of land, manpower, and machines to the level of digital development. Extending from the physical space to the information space, and will soon show a pattern of competition and game in the information space as the leading and leading, the strong will become stronger and the weak will become weaker. Countries and regions that master the core competitive advantages of the information space will be the first to occupy the commanding heights of the value chain in the game surrounding the new round of international division of labor.
7. Digital Skills and Literacy Promote the Upgrading of Consumer Capabilities
A large number of emerging digital products, applications and services have emerged, and a large-scale consumer market has been formed. Therefore, new capabilities are required for consumers. Certain digital skills and literacy are required to better discover the value of data and use digitalization. Products and enjoy digital services. A large number of emerging digital products, applications and services have emerged, and a large-scale consumer market has been formed. Therefore, new capabilities are required for consumers. Certain digital skills and literacy are required to better discover the value of data and use digitalization. Products and enjoy digital services. ... Major developed countries in the world will pay more and more attention to tapping the potential and training of citizens’ digital literacy, and will continue to improve citizens’ digital literacy to the height of building the country’s emerging strategic competitiveness, as a means of promoting digital consumption, expanding domestic demand, and strengthening domestic vitality. Important move.
8. The Level of Social Welfare is Effectively Improved by Digital Means
Satisfying mankind's yearning and pursuit of a better life is an important driving force and goal for the digital economy. Significantly improve the efficiency of public resource supply, enhance the utility of public services and further promote the convenience, inclusiveness, and equalization of public undertakings such as education, medical care and charity. It is the digital economy innovating and transforming production methods and promoting the quality and efficiency of the real economy. The key focus and breakthrough point outside. Various types and fields of networked and intelligent public service platforms for educational resources will be built to continue to expand the coverage of high-quality educational resources for the public. Internet remote diagnosis and treatment will become a high-frequency, low-threshold, and easily available conventional medical treatment method, and the introduction of AI assistants will effectively improve the accuracy of diagnosis and treatment, and alleviate the problem of global medical resources. Blockchain technology will be used on a large scale in the process of charity fundraising and donation, strengthen mutual trust, reduce transaction costs, trace the source of funds, and ensure the fairness, transparency and effectiveness of charity.
9. The Planning, Construction and Management of Digital Cities and Real Cities are Started Simultaneously
With the scale expansion of information infrastructure, function upgrades and network construction, as well as the extensive and in-depth promotion and application of new generation of information technology in the process of urban operation and management, a large number of complete, continuous, systematic, consistent, relevant, and valuable city data will be continuously obtained, providing a feasible foundation for the construction of a digital twin city that accurately maps, intelligently interacts and integrates the virtual and real with the physical city. A group of global technologies and talents are gathered and developed, and the industrial scale and innovation capabilities are prominent. Modern cities with active bit-oriented conditions will be the first to try the simultaneous planning of digital cities and real cities, and gradually rise to the simultaneous construction and management of the two. In order to match the collection, transmission, storage and calculation of truly massive data, a system-level platform dedicated to digital city operation management decision-making will be continuously developed and improved, and a standard system that can be promoted and copied will gradually be formed.
10. The Digitization of the Social Governance System Continues to Increase
In the era of digital economy, a major feature of the government’s construction of a sound social governance system is to serve and manage the public better with improved efficiency and functions by adopting a large number of new technologies represented by the Internet, big data, and AI. A new generation of information technology can sense the social situation, unblock information channels, assist scientific decision-making and improve the modernization level of governance capabilities. The networked architecture and concepts have been deeply integrated and applied in the field of government affairs. In the future, while further optimizing the business process, it will focus on improving the convenience of government services and the government's comprehensive service capabilities. It has become a global trend to build a unified and shared open data platform, which will realize cross-level, cross-regional and cross-industry collaborative management and services, and provide decision support for precise and efficient social governance. Accelerate the construction of various networked and intelligent information platforms, encourage and guide the public to actively participate in the governance process, and gradually form a good ecology of joint planning, consultation and governance.
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